Nine thousand African Americans were left homeless and lived - Fotografer Pre Wedding Pernikahan Surabaya Sidoarjo Gresik Murah Nine thousand African Americans were left homeless and lived - Fotografer Pre Wedding Pernikahan Surabaya Sidoarjo Gresik Murah
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Nine thousand African Americans were left homeless and lived

by / Tuesday, 03 September 2013 / Published in Fotografi

The Legacy of Black Dispossession

canada goose black friday sale The term “race riot” does not adequately describe the events of May 31 June 1, 1921in Greenwood, a black neighborhood in Tulsa, Oklahoma. In fact, Canada Goose Jackets the term itself implies that both blacks and whites might be equally to blame for the lawlessness and violence. The historical record documents a sustained and murderous assault on black lives and property. This assault was met by a brave but unsuccessful armed defense of their community by some black World War I veterans and others. canada goose black friday sale

canada goose jacket outlet During the night and day of the riot, deputized whites killed more than 300 African Americans. They looted and burned to the ground 40 square blocks of 1,265 cheap Canada Goose African American homes, including hospitals, schools, and churches, and destroyed 150 Canada Goose Online businesses. White deputies and members of the National Guard arrested and detained 6,000 black Tulsans who were released only upon being vouched for by a white employer or other white citizen. Nine thousand African Americans were left homeless and lived in tents well into the winter of 1921. war against Mexico, the Dawes Act, government sanctioned attacks on Chinese throughout the West, the “race riots” that swept the country starting in 1919, Japanese American internment, and the later use of eminent domain for “urban removal.” The list is long. canada goose jacket outlet

canada goose outlet online uk I tell students in the English language arts class I co teach: canada goose outlet online uk

canada goose factory outlet “I want you to think about wealth canada goose clearance in this country. Who has it? canada goose coats on sale Who doesn’t? A study by the Pew Research Center found that, on average, whites have 20 times the wealth of blacks. Why is that? When there’s a question that puzzles you, you must investigate.” canada goose factory outlet

canada goose outlet jackets It’s a nontraditional curriculum for a language arts teacher, canada goose store but I aim to teach students to connect the dots about big ideas that matter in their lives and I use both history and literature to explore injustice. canada goose outlet jackets

canada goose outlet canada This year, Tulsa was one of the instances we studied to probe uk canada goose the legacy of racism and wealth inequality. To uk canada goose outlet stimulate students’ interest in resurrecting this silenced history, I created a mystery about the night of the invasion of Greenwood. canada goose outlet canada

canada goose outlet black friday Because not all white Tulsans shared the racial views of the white rioters, I included roles of a few whites and a recent immigrant from Mexico who provided refuge in the midst of death and chaos. I wanted students to understand that even in moments of violence, people stood up and reached across race and class borders to help. canada goose outlet black friday

canada goose outlet toronto factory Our students’ history textbook, History Canada Goose Parka Alive!, is silent about the events of Tulsa, but Canada Goose sale more significantly, the book fails to help students search for patterns in our nation’s history of race based dispossession. Textbooks like this one help keep students ignorant about the roots of today’s vast canada goose uk shop wealth inequality between blacks and whites. Instead, our students must imagine why African Americans lack wealth: Unwise spending? Laziness? Ignorance? Bad luck? canada goose outlet toronto factory

official canada goose outlet To inject hope into canada goose this “stealing home” unit, I created a role play about recent efforts in Oklahoma to obtain restitution for the death and damages suffered by blacks in Greenwood. For me, teaching a “people’s history” is not buy canada goose jacket merely offering students a fuller, more meaningful history than is included in textbooks. It also means that we engage students in a problem posing curriculum that brings history to life through role play and simulation. official canada goose outlet

canada goose outlet sale Rather than just reading about the results of the proceedings and the more recent lawsuit initiated in 2003 on behalf of the survivors and their descendants, we asked students to think about what “fair” compensation for the loss might mean. We put students in the position of commission members. We asked them to determine what, if any, reparations should be made to the riot survivors and their descendants. canada goose outlet sale

canada goose outlet shop Students made passionate arguments about what should happen. Aaron’s was typical: canada goose factory sale “We can’t change what happened buy canada goose jacket cheap in the past, but we can compensate the offspring for the loss of their property and inheritance. At least give the descendants scholarships.” canada goose outlet shop

canada goose outlet new york city Who suffered the most? Which was worse death or property loss? The entire community suffered. We should choose a mixture of compensations: There should be scholarships, as well as compensation for the survivors and their descendants. There should canada goose outlet be a memorial day and a reburial of the mass graves. canada goose outlet new york city

canada goose outlet Sarah feared that bringing up Canada Goose Outlet the past would open old wounds and reignite the racism that initiated the riots. Vince and others disagreed: “This is not just the past. Racial inequality is still canadian goose jacket a problem. Forgetting about what happened and cheap canada goose uk burying it without dealing with it is why we still have problems today.” canada goose outlet

canada goose outlet online And this was exactly what we wanted kids to see: The past is not dead. We didn’t want students to get lost in the history of Tulsa, though it needs to be remembered; we wanted them to recognize the canada goose coats historical patterns of stolen wealth in black, brown, and poor communities. We wanted them to connect the current economic struggles of people of color by staying alert to these dynamics from the past. We wanted them to see that in many ways Tulsa, or other historical black communities are still burning, still being looted. She is the Director of the Oregon Writing Project at Lewis Clark College. She currently co teaches canada goose clearance sale an 11th grade language arts class at Jefferson High School in Portland, Oregon, with Dianne Leahy. This article is part of the Zinn Education Project If We Knew Our History series canada goose outlet online.

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